Mississippi (CNN)(01/16/20)— A Mississippi penitentiary unit housing violent inmates “has a failing infrastructure,” and while officials have moved hundreds of prisoners to a nearby private prison, 625 still need cells, the state Department of Correction says.
The move comes more than seven months after a state health inspector visited Mississippi State Penitentiary at Parchman and, in a 154 page report, graphically documented crumbling, unsanitary conditions in which prisoners lacked power and water and it “rains inside” the cells of one unit.
Following a series of clashes in the prison that left at least four prisoners dead, and later spurred rappers Jay-Z and Yo Gotti to assist prisoners in suing the state, the department last week said it had arranged for private prison firm CoreCivic Inc. to move 375 prisoners to Tallahatchie County Correctional Facility in Tutwiler, about 8 miles north of Parchman.
“The facility is already operational and sufficiently staffed to manage close custody inmates,” State Corrections Commissioner Pelicia Hall said in a statement. “The department acted swiftly because of the violence at MSP and a lack of manpower to restore and maintain order. We also cannot staff any other facility.”
Problems have been reported throughout Parchman, where roughly 3,600 of Mississippi’s 19,000 inmates are incarcerated, but Unit 29, which can house 1,500 inmates, has the most issues, Hall has said for months.
“This facility, originally constructed in 1980 and renovated in 1996, has become unsafe for staff and inmates due to age and general deterioration,” she wrote in an August budget letter.
This isn’t the first time Hall has asked for help with the state’s prisons. In August 2018, she requested the FBI help investigate the deaths of 15 inmates in the span of a month.
In June, state Department of Health environmental administrator Rayford Horton issued a lengthy report, including scores of photos, outlining the conditions at Parchman.
While it didn’t focus solely on Unit 29, it documented several serious issues within the unit. The unit’s kitchen, for instance, had a missing soap dispenser, stopped-up garbage disposal, milk and food with no expiration dates, a fly trap “covered with flies,” a ceiling leaking above a dishwasher and food that needed to be removed from a moldy, 75-degree cooler.
Unit 26’s kitchen was singled out because supervisors were not wearing gloves while handling food, its toilet was leaking, there was no hand soap and Horton “observed a fly in the water being prepared to cook” and had to advise a prisoner to dump it out.
In Unit 32, which houses the laundry area and another kitchen, Horton wrote that it was “raining in (the) freezer.”
Numerous other issues were reported throughout the prison, though judging from the report, the inspector found Unit 29 especially problematic. Among the most commonly cited issues:
- No power
- No lights
- No hot water
- No cold water
- No water at all
- Inoperable toilets, sinks and showers
- Toilet leaks
- “Rains inside cell”
- No mattress
- No pillow
- Dayroom lights out
- Bird nests in windows
- Holes in cell wall
- Exposed wires
According to the report, problems with lights, power, and water were evident in about 100 cells, while almost 100 inmates had no or damaged mattresses, and about 200 prisoners had no pillows.
In one zone of a Unit 29 structure, Horton reported, “No power in building.” Correction officials were “cleaning” following “recent acts of vandalism,” the department said, and after the recent violence, some gang members were placed in the maximum-security Unit 32, which is structurally sound, to separate them from their rivals and prevent further incidents.
In her fiscal 2021 budget request, Hall asked for $22.5 million to repair Unit 29, as well as $35.6 million to fill 800 vacant positions at three state prisons.
“The number of officers has continued to dwindle as the agency’s pay has not kept pace with industry salaries and other professions,” a DOC news release said, adding that officials would like to raise correctional officers’ pay from $25,650 to $30,370, which would bring Mississippi in line with its four neighboring states.
Even with a 3% pay increase in July, Hall said salaries of Mississippi correction officers are the lowest in the country. Hall has resigned from her post and is slated to step down this week, but she said she would continue advocating for the department.
Mississippi’s regional, state, and private prisons were put on lock-down earlier this month as investigators sought answers on a rash of disturbances, some of them gang-related, that killed one prisoner at South Mississippi Correctional Institution in Leakesville, one at Chickasaw County Regional Correctional Facility in Houston, and two at Parchman.
A fifth death at Parchman was not related to the disturbances, officials said. Two inmates escaped Parchman during the melees but were apprehended days later.
In a January 9 letter to Hall and Gov. Phil Bryant, Team Roc, the philanthropic arm of Jay-Z’s Roc Nation empire, accused the state of an “utter disregard for the people it has incarcerated” and threatened to “pursue all potential avenues to obtain relief” should state leaders maintain the status quo.
“These inhumane conditions are unconstitutional,” it said. “The Eighth Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits the infliction of cruel and unusual punishment and is violated when prison officials fail to protect against prison-related violence, and when prison conditions fail to meet basic human needs.”
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